Metaphor and Metaphysics in Søren Kierkegaard’s Either/Or 

Søren Kierkegaard’s existential insight sometimes eclipses his literary achievement. His command of metaphor, in particular, is part of his overlooked literary gift: his writing style involving pseudonyms and fragmentary, inconsistent personal accounts has perhaps perplexed many, but one can hardly deny his genius in constructing vivid metaphors that serve an indispensable role throughout his authorship. In addition to initiating an existential mood, Kierkegaard’s metaphors help his readers imagine a profound, exquisite reality rich in personal details and feelings. In his early major work Either/Or, for example, metaphors play a predominant role.

Beyond Meaning: Film-Being and The Production of Presence

In this essay, I contrast Gumbrecht’s insight with the cognitivist and Daniel Frampton’s phenomenological views on cinematic experiences. Borrowing scenes from Terrance Malik’s film The Tree of Life, I propose that cinematic expressions can create presence besides communicating stable, concrete meanings that mostly engage one’s mind. I side with Gumbrecht and argue that merely attributing or reconstructing the meaning of a film, cognitively or phenomenologically, limits the philosophising potential of the medium. After all, film intrinsically philosophises as a physical reality, or film-being.

Our Lives Are Still Our Own: A Nietzschean Reading of Cloud Atlas

I explore how the narrative structure of Cloud Atlas helps to demonstrate Friedrich Nietzsche’s arguments about the death of God and eternal recurrence. Moreover, I consider how the film, inspired by the Buddhist concept of karma, challenges Nietzsche’s individualistic solution to nihilism and how Nietzsche may respond to the challenge.

The Myth of Infinity: Does Platonism Pave the Stairs to God?

This is the final paper written for my first independent research. As usual, I only post the introduction and the conclusion here. Please feel free to contact me via email (refer to the Home page) if you would like to read some of my arguments in detail or offer any critic.  Introduction This paper explores… Continue reading The Myth of Infinity: Does Platonism Pave the Stairs to God?

The Importance of Confidence: Revisit the Kripkenstein Paradox and the Failure of Lewis’s Naturalist Response

Wittgenstein’s rule-following paradox states that “no course of action could be determined by a rule, because every course of action can be made out to accord with the rule” (201). Kripke regards the rule-following paradox as the central problem of Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations and a new form of philosophical scepticism (7). He draws parallels between language use and rule-following as well as between the meaning of language and a course of action.

Sensitivity and Deductive Closure

This is the term paper that I wrote for my class PH2243 Epistemology. Only the introduction, the conclusion, and the list of works cited are posted here. If you wish to read the full paper (around 1500 words), please kindly request via email. Criticisms are always welcome. Thank you. Essay Question: Consider any analysis of… Continue reading Sensitivity and Deductive Closure

Consider the view that Mathematics possesses not only truth, but supreme beauty.

The following essay is actually my class assignment for GP. It is one of the essays that I am most proud of. Wish myself all the best for the upcoming GP Exam! Note that the question is adopted from Singapore-GCE A'Level 2012 General Paper P1. Consider the view that Mathematics possesses not only truth, but… Continue reading Consider the view that Mathematics possesses not only truth, but supreme beauty.